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The History of Dumbwaiters

However you write it, ‘dumb waiter’ or ‘dumbwaiter’, the origins of the term are puzzling. The name of this small service lift and the history of how it came into being are interesting topics.

For those of you unaware of dumb waiters, let us explain ... it's a small lift (most often waist-height) used to bring food up to a restaurant from kitchens below, and to take dirty dishes back down from the dining room – a hidden and essential device in almost every mansion, café and restaurant. These hard wearing little service lifts are designed to carry goods, not people, between floors.
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It's origins

This lifting device has been used for thousands of years. The first recorded use dates back to around 200BC, during the age of the Romans. An architect described installing a dumbwaiter to allow the movement of goods.  

Why's it called a dumbwaiter?

The term 'dumbwaiter' came to be as the lift was first used in large houses that had their kitchens and household staff in the basements or the ‘servants quarters’. These servants would use the lift to take food and dishes upstairs to the dining room and back down again as the go-between from kitchen to restaurant, allowing noise and cooking odour to be isolated from the patrons. The origins of the term are simply that this lift was a way of having your own silent waiter, not seen and not heard.

Harold Pinter ‘The Dumb Waiter

In 1957, Harold Pinter made the term infamous by writing the single act play entitled ‘The Dumb Waiter’,which has subsequently been described as "Small but perfectly formed”[1]. Not surprisingly, the action all takes place in a dingy basement kitchen. In the back of the room is a dumbwaiter, which delivers occasional mysterious food orders. The characters and the invisible food senders communicate via the dumbwaiter's "speaking tube" and a baffling story unravels.[2]

Over the years the mini-lift may have been silent but it didn't remain dumb, spreading its commercial uses to carrying correspondence, medication within a pharmacy or hospital, a keg of beer from the cool basement to the bar and even the special "bullion lift" in The Bank Of England designed to carry coins and gold bars.

Early dumbwaiters

Matot Rope Pulled Dumbwaiter, circa 1940 - By Duffymatot - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0Many were simple human powered devices, which looped a rope around a pulley or rafter which could be controlled manually (early example shown left). A service lift like this is still used today at one of Thomas Jefferson's estates. Older versions even had a speaking tube next to them, which enabled waiters to talk to chefs in the kitchens. These then evolved with the progress of the industrial revolution, with electric motors being added in the 1920s.

 

Modern dumbwaiters

Microlift In the 21st Century, this service lift is still alive and well and in most modern, chic bars, restaurants, clubs and pubs – still acting as a silent and unseen ‘waiter’. It's become a reliable workhorse and essential to catering businesses arranged on more than one floor. 

20th-century product changes means the introduction of structures, heated cabins, state of the art intercoms and safety locks, as well as the option to have a lift stop off in between or skip floors on its journey. 

Increasingly developers and home owners have started to view them as domestic lifts - the 'must have' for kitchens. Our Microlifts are installed in homes of all sizes, with some owned by Royals and celebrities.

Today’s Stannah Microlifts are electrically driven, highly controlled lifts supplied in their own structure and have finishes that are attractive enough to make this little star into an interior design feature.

The future

Where next for the trusty old service lift, you may ask? 

microlift-1

With townhouses becoming a trend - architects and builders recognise the need to be able to move items between floors without carrying heavy or precarious items up multiple flights of stairs. House developers seeking to add buyer incentive to their homes, will add a Microlift. . 

We hope you liked the rise and history of this little lift, if you're keen to know more why not take a look at our Microlift product page? And see the complete range of products and services the Stannah lift company provide.

take a look at our range of microlifts

 At Stannah we’ve installed more than 20,000 Microlifts in the last 40 years so there isn't anything we don’t know about this little powerhouse! 

If you have any questions about the Microlift or are considering purchasing one, then feel free to contact us and we'll be happy to help.

Contact Us

With nearly 50,000 installations across the UK and over 90,000 units on our service portfolio, Stannah offer a wide range of lift solutions and services to move people and goods. Take a look at our product range or simply get in touch.

[1] Derbyshire, Harry. "Harold Pinter's The Dumb Waiter (review)", Modern Drama, vol 53, no 2 (2010), pp266-268.

[2] Derbyshire, Harry. "Harold Pinter's The Dumb Waiter (review)", Modern Drama, vol 53, no 2 (2010), pp266-268.

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