An Overview of the General Lift Requirements Within Part M: Volume 2
Part M Volume 2, provides practical guidance for complying with building regulation requirements for buildings other than dwellings. This post is the second in the series of our Part M: Volume 2 building regulations blogs and covers general lift requirements with Part M in greater detail.
What is Part M: Volume 2?
These building regulations refer to the accessibility and use of buildings, Approved Document M (2015 edition) Volume 2 for Buildings other than dwellings (all other building types) and gives direction on enabling a public access building to conform to the Equality Act (formerly DDA).
Section three of Part M Volume 2 sets the objective for the horizontal and vertical circulation of people in buildings, first covering the general lifting provisions and design requirements before going into specific requirements for each lift type.
We have outlined the specific general requirements below as well as some additional items that are a worthwhile consideration as part of your Part M lifts.
Vertical circulation in the building - design considerations
Regardless of the type of lift there are certain general design considerations when placing a lifting device in any building to comply with the Part M building requirements.
The first of these requirements is that the most suitable type of lift for all users of the building has been selected and that if a lift cannot be accomodated, that other options should be considered to provide for users with mobility impairments (this includes both lifts and areas where a ramp can be provided). Other considerations include:
- ensuring clear building signage, guiding users to the lift location and easy identification on the floor level the lift has travelled to, which can be seen from the lift.
- this signage should contrast visually with its surroundings.
- regardless of the type of lift, internal stairs should always be provided.
The requirements listed under Part M vol.2 are split into M1 (Access and use of buildings other than dwellings), M2 (Access to extensions to buildings other than dwellings) and M3 (Sanitary conveniences) and providing that 'reasonable provision' has been met to ensure that buildings are accessible, you should be able to justify that M1, M2 and M3 are met.
Provision of lifting devices
Although there are design considerations specific to the type of Part M lift you are installing, there are some general design considerations that apply to all;
3.21 For all buildings, a passenger lift is the most suitable form of access for people moving from one storey to another.
3.22 For existing buildings, and in exceptional circumstances for new developments with particular constraints (e.g. a listed building or an infill site in a historic town centre), where a passenger lift cannot be accommodated, a vertical lifting platform (enclosed platform lift), although not equivalent to a passenger lift, may be considered as an alternative option to provide access for persons with impaired mobility.
3.23 In exceptional circumstances in an existing building, a wheelchair platform stairlift (open platform) may be considered, provided its installation does not conflict with requirements for means of escape.
As we can see above, Part M states that the preferred solution to enable disabled access is a passenger lift, particularly for new buildings. But it also recognises that it may not always be possible for a new or existing development to accommodate one due to site constraints. In these instances, to achieve a Part M compliant lift, a lifting platform (platform lift) or as a last resort a wheelchair platform stairlift will be considered.
General requirements for lifting devices
The first step is to carefully consider whether the type of device you are planning to install is 'fit for purpose' (Section 3.25 of Part M, Vol.2). To ensure this is met, you must refer to relevant legislation such as the Lift Regulations, the Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations (LOLER), the Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations (PUWER) and the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations.
Careful design considerations obviously play a large part in meeting all of the above regulations, as well as adherring to the building regulations, but there are also practical considerations about visibility and ease of operation, namely:
3.26 The illumination in the passenger lift car, on the lifting platform or on the wheelchair platform stairlift should minimise glare, relflection, confusing shadows or pools of light and dark.
3.27 All users including wheelchair users should be able to reach and use the controls that summon and direct the lifting device.
Below are three key questions to ensure the general installation requirements are met, which if closely followed can help to ensure you comply;
1. Do you have a method to contact someone outside the lift should it stop?
In the unlikely situation of passengers being trapped in the lift, there is a responsibility to ensure the user(s) are able to alert others and communicate with them, therefore a suitable emergency communication system must be fitted. This continues to be a reponsibility of the lift owner throughout the life of the lift. There are a number of communication options available depending on the environment the lift is installed into and the type of product.
2. Are all users able to use the lift independently, without concern?
It's important to consider whether those with a visual impairment can operate the lift, therefore controls should be raised and visually contrasted with adequate lighting in place and a floor that has frictional qualities similar to, or higher than, the floor of the landing (which cannot be a dark colour). It is also worth considering that certain colours, patterns and textures can also have a similar effect.
Whilst the finishes/colours within the lift has an implication for users with a visual impairment, it can also create confusion for those with dementia (find out more in our blog about specifying with dementia in mind) . If there are specific requirements for finishes it is always worth discussing this with your chosen lift company.
3. Does the area in front of, and in the lift enable free and easy movement? (with particular consideration for wheelchair users)
Detailed guidance around the position and functionality of lift doors and manoevering space can be found in Part M, vol.2 but the general rules state that clear and sufficient space must always be left in front of lifts, namely;
- Unobstructed manoeuvring space of 1500mm x 1500mm, or a wide straight access route 900mm wide in front of each lifting device enabling easy turning and entrance to the lift car.
- Landing call buttons located between 900mm and 1100mm from the floor of the landing and at least 500mm from any return wall to enable all users to be able to call the lift.
In many instances this is required to achieve the minimum of 500mm clear access from the landing call buttons. For lifting platforms this can be a frequent problem and one that can be helped through the installation of powered door operators or opting for extra flush/pedestal-mounted call stations at each ground and upper-landing.
A handrail is useful for those requiring reassurance/assistance whilst travelling in the lift, and in some circumstances they can also serve to prevent lift controls from being knocked. There is a requirement for a handrail on at least one wall of the lifting device, with its top surface at 900mm (nominal) above the floor and located so that it does not obstruct the controls or the mirror.
For each different lift type there are specific design considerations and provisions outlined in the Approved Document M - Volume 2. So once you know which product you require, it's always worth stating to your chosen lift supplier that you require at Part M compliant or 'Part M lift' and they should be able to assist you with the process.
However, as the approach and service received by each lift supplier can vary significantly, it's certainly worth being well-informed about these design considerations yourself.
Of course, compliance to Part M is just one of the many factors to evaluate when choosing the right type of lift, or lifts, for your building project. In fact, we've a helpful blog outlining the three key considerations when choosing a lift.
A reputable lift provider will be able to assist you in your decision making but it's worth ensuring the lift manufacturer does not have a bias because they only supply one type of lift, e.g. only platform lifts.
How can we help?
Here at Stannah we offer a broad range of passenger lift and platform lift products to enable easy vertical circulation, working with you to solve your access problem and comply to building regulations.
To see key product requirements, building considerations and typical installation times, why not take a look at our handy passenger lifts and platform lifts infographic.
Still unsure? No problem! Get in touch to speak to one of our experts.
Why are we the experts?
Stannah have been supplying lifts since 1867 and have considerable experience of the choices and challenges facing architects, building owners and specifiers as a result. We are members of the Lift & Escalator Industry Association (LEIA), and have for many years, been in support of various committees in developing industry regulations and standards. Our experience means that we are an authoritative voice in the lift industry. www.stannahlifts.co.uk